It is important to note that this article is mainly focus on discussing front-end career for web programmers. There are at least the following 5 areas of front-end web design that are not discussed in this article: 1- Those use drag-and-drop or What You See Is What You Get tools like Adobe Dreamweaver to create a website without coding, 2- Those use Content Management Systems like WordPress, Joomla, or Drupal to build front-end or static sites without coding, 3- Those use content editing tools like graphic designer or video editors to improve a website Look and Feel without coding, 4- Those who do User Interface design like website wireframes, or mobile App mock-up without coding, and 5- Those who do front-end consulting for User Experience, marketing, and branding without knowledge of coding. It is advisable to consult with an IT career counselor to understand what career options best fits your skills. For instance, if you want to be a software engineer, learning HTML and CSS might not fit the bill. Here is an excellent article for learning more on coding and technology career roadmap. Once you know what career path you wish to pursue, you can make a plan on what, when, and how to learn. There are lots of online resources for learning coding and web design in general. For teenagers and high school students, High School Technology Services offers variety of hands-on training. For adults and professionals, Coding Bootcamps and DC Web Makers Companies offer basic to advance project-based programming and technology classes.
Front-end developers are normally dealing with what a site visitor sees on a computer or Smartphone screen. Also, most site visitors spend a few seconds on a site and decide whether to use it or not. Therefore, it is a front-end web designer job to create interactive, intuitive and responsive web pages. To become a front-end specialist and get six digit salary, you have to follow through the below 7 steps.
- HTML and CSS
The starting point for all web designers is to learn HTML and CSS. Although these two coding languages seem very easy to learn, it takes lots of practice to really master them. For instance, for one design object in a web page, there are different ways to combine HTML and CSS tags.
- Learn HTML5
After you know how to code HTML and CSS, you need to learn HTML5 which is very popular. This is the language that is used for designing both hybrid and native mobile Apps.
- Learn CSS3
Learning HTML5 usually goes hand in hand with learning latest version of CSS (which as of now is CSS3).
- Bootstrap framework
After you go through in depth training for step 1-3, you can design custom websites using Bootstrap framework. You can even change a current Bootstrap template to meet your needs.
- jQuery framework
Summary and Additional Remarks
To become a front-end or UI expert, you need to aim at a journey not a destination as frameworks and libraries change very frequently. You need constantly learn and update your knowledge to stay ahead of the game. Lastly, as we discussed earlier you can pursue a path of front-end web designer without knowing how to code. Therefore, front-end job market and opportunities are open to both programmers and non-programmers.
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