Individuals who are new and beginning the field of web development often seem to be confused about which framework to choose, when selecting between Bootstrap and Joomla. To most experienced developers, Choosing between Bootstrap and Joomla is a simple choice.
Bootstrap was originally named Twitter Blueprint and was initially intended as a framework to ensure that the internal tools at Twitter remained consistent. The group of developers behind it saw potential in it to be more than an internal tool, and so they continued to work on its development and aided by contributions from other employees of Twitter, they developed the framework that is now Bootstrap. They released it in 2011. Since then, development continued and newer versions continued to be released. The beta version of Bootstrap 4 was released in August 2017.
Joomla is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) for designing and publishing web content, originally developed by Open Source Matters, Inc. It is built on a model–view–controller web application framework that can be used independently of the CMS. Joomla is written in PHP, uses object-oriented programming techniques and software design patterns, it connects your site to a MySQLi, MySQL, or PostgreSQL database in order to make content management and delivery easier on both the admin and visitors.
On the other hand, Joomla is not only CMS but also a stable and lightweight PHP framework which allows individuals to write web and command line application in PHP. The Joomla framework is easy to adapt and extend according to your needs. A beginner can design a website with just Drag and Drop functionality.
Bootstrap, while equally as good, has one of the best responsive, mobile grid systems available. It is built with flexbox and it is easy to use. It helps in scaling a single website design from the smallest mobile device to a high-definition display (Tablet, Laptops, and Desktops). Bootstrap’s dynamic design allows for the page and text to change size based on the viewing window. Bootstrap uses less memory to load than Joomla does, so it could be better for loading on a mobile device that would take longer to load than if it were on a computer with a better connection.
Joomla has thousands of verified third-party extensions which can be easily found on the Joomla Extensions Directory. There are also thousands of high-quality templates available, a great number of which are free. Paid templates are also available and come with world-class support. Many templates provide a graphical user interface (GUI) which allows you to change colours, fonts, layouts and features without touching a line of code!
The layout and overrides system and built-in extendable functions make it easy to create customized solutions including; Custom Layouts, Language overrides, Custom CSS. Etc.
Bootstrap does not provide user management system, Search engine optimization or multilingual functionality in web development. Joomla has powerful SEO tools built and ready right out of the box. Every time an article or a menu item is created, it automatically creates an alias for its default PHP string so that the links to particular pages are both user and search engine friendly. Each menu item can have its own Meta description, keywords and robots settings, allowing you to customize the SEO settings for your content to give optimal availability and searchability. These features allow you to make the most important parts of your content shine out among other similar websites, giving you the technical edge.
In addition, Joomla is the largest Web software platform for government organizations around the world; it is utilized heavily for education, media, corporate, e-commerce, and even personal websites and blogs. It is extremely versatile. Lastly, the other popular CMS platforms are Wordpress and Drupal,
Programming Languages and Resources for Web Developers
Both Bootstrap and Joomla coding are well suited for those interested in pursuing a career in web design and development; however, other options are mobile App design and development, system admin and software engineering. It is advisable to consult with an IT career counselor to understand what career options best fits your skills. For instance, if you want to be a software engineer, learning HTML and CSS might not fit the bill. Here is an excellent article for learning more on coding and technology career roadmap. Once you know what career path you wish to pursue, you can make a plan on what, when, and how to learn. There are lots of online resources for learning coding and technology in general. For teenagers and high school students, High School Technology Services offers variety of hands-on training. For adults and professionals, Coding Bootcamps and DC Web Makers Companies offer basic to advance project-based programming and technology classes.